Monday, June 24, 2013

1306.5195 (P. S. Normile et al.)

Magnetic ordering in GdNi2B2C revisited by resonant x-ray scattering:
evidence for the double-q model

P. S. Normile, M. Rotter, C. Detlefs, J. Jensen, P. C. Canfield, J. A. Blanco
Recent theoretical efforts aimed at understanding the nature of antiferromagnetic ordering in GdNi2B2C predicted double-q ordering. Here we employ resonant elastic x-ray scattering to test this theory against the formerly proposed, single-q ordering scenario. Our study reveals a satellite reflection associated with a mixed-order component propagation wave vector, viz., (q_a,2q_b,0) with q_b = q_a approx= 0.55 reciprocal lattice units, the presence of which is incompatible with single-q ordering but is expected from the double-q model. A (3q_a,0,0) wave vector (i.e., third-order) satellite is also observed, again in line with the double-q model. The temperature dependencies of these along with that of a first-order satellite are compared with calculations based on the double-q model and reasonable qualitative agreement is found. By examining the azimuthal dependence of first-order satellite scattering, we show the magnetic order to be, as predicted, elliptically polarized at base temperature and find the temperature dependence of the "out of a-b plane" moment component to be in fairly good agreement with calculation. Our results provide qualitative support for the double-q model and thus in turn corroborate the explanation for the "magnetoelastic paradox" offered by this model.
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