Thursday, May 23, 2013

1305.5091 (M. Ijäs et al.)

Interaction of chlorine with Stone-Wales de- fects in graphene and
carbon nanotubes, and thermodynamical prospects of chlorine-induced nanotube

M. Ijäs, P. Havu, A. Harju
We study the binding of chlorine atoms to carbon nanotubes and graphene at a Stone-Wales defect and to the sidewalls of pristine nanotubes. We show using ab initio thermodynamics that if the environment is chlorine-rich enough, the unzipping of carbon nanotubes into graphene nanoribbons with chlorinated edges may be thermodynamically feasible. By controlling the Cl chemical potential through temperature and pressure, opening selectively tubes below a threshold diameter might be possible. Additionally, we find increased binding energies for chlorine atoms bound to Stone-Wales defects as compared to defect-free graphene and nanotubes, indicating that defects might act as nucleation sites for tube unzipping. On graphene, no more than a single Cl atom may be bound to the defect in ambient conditions, limiting possible Cl-induced changes in the resulting nanoribbons.
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