Thursday, May 23, 2013

1305.4946 (Kyle L. Grosse et al.)

Direct observation of nanometer-scale Joule and Peltier effects in phase
change memory devices

Kyle L. Grosse, Feng Xiong, Sungduk Hong, William P. King, Eric Pop
We measure power dissipation in phase change memory (PCM) devices by scanning Joule ex-pansion microscopy (SJEM) with ~50 nm spatial and 0.2 K temperature resolution. The temperature rise in the Ge2Sb2Te5 (GST) is dominated by Joule heating, but at the GST-TiW contacts it is a combination of Peltier and current crowding effects. Comparison of SJEM and electrical characterization with simulations of the PCM devices uncovers a thermopower ~350 uV/K for 25 nm thick films of face centered-cubic crystallized GST, and contact resistance ~2.0 x 10^-8 Ohm-m2. Knowledge of such nanoscale Joule, Peltier, and current crowding effects is essential for energy-efficient design of future PCM technology.
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