Wednesday, May 22, 2013

1305.4770 (Eran Bouchbinder et al.)

Nonequilibrium thermodynamics and glassy rheology    [PDF]

Eran Bouchbinder, J. S. Langer
Mechanically driven glassy systems and complex fluids exhibit a wealth of rheological behaviors that call for theoretical understanding and predictive modeling. A distinct feature of these nonequilibrium systems is their dynamically evolving state of structural disorder, which determines their rheological responses. Here we highlight a recently developed nonequilibrium thermodynamic framework in which the structural state is characterized by an evolving effective disorder temperature that may differ from the ordinary thermal temperature. The specific properties of each physical system of interest are described by a small set of coarse-grained internal state variables and their associated energies and entropies. The dynamics of the internal variables, together with the flow of energy and entropy between the different parts of the driven system, determine continuum-level rheological constitutive laws. We conclude with brief descriptions of several successful applications of this framework.
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