Tuesday, December 11, 2012

1212.1970 (Sung-Hoon Lee et al.)

Semimetal-antiferromagnetic insulator transition in graphene induced by
biaxial strain

Sung-Hoon Lee, Sungjin Kim, Kinam Kim
We report first-principles calculations on antiferromagnetic spin ordering in graphene under biaxial strain. Using hybrid functional calculations, we found that semimetallic graphene sheets undergo a transition to antiferromagnetic insulators at a biaxial strain of 7.7% and that the band gap rapidly increases after the onset of this transition before reaching 0.9 eV at a biaxial strain of 12%. We examined the competition of the antiferromagnetic spin ordering with two-dimensional Peierls distortions upon biaxial strain, and found that the preceding antiferromagnetic insulator phase impedes the Peierls insulator phase. The antiferromagnetic insulator phase is destabilized upon carrier filling but robust up to moderate carrier densities. This work indicates that biaxially strained graphene represents a noble system where the electron-electron and electron-lattice interactions compete with each other in a simple but nontrivial way.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1212.1970

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