Tuesday, July 30, 2013

1307.7402 (Maya D. Glinchuk et al.)

Novel multiferroics with ferromagnetic phase induced in paraelectric
antiferromagnets by electric field application

Maya D. Glinchuk, Eugene A. Eliseev, Yijia Gu, Long-Qing Chen, Venkatraman Gopalan, Anna N. Morozovska
The phase diagram of a quantum paraelectric antiferromagnet EuTiO3 under an external electric field was calculated using Landau-Ginzburg-Devonshire theory. It was shown that the application of an external electric field E leads to the appearance of a ferromagnetic phase due to the magnetoelectric coupling. In particular, electric field application decreases the transition temperature TAFM to antiferromagnetic (AFM) phase and induces ferromagnetic (FM) phase, so that at some E field larger than the critical field (Ecr), TFM becomes higher than TAFM and the FM phase appears. Note that Ecr increases and magnetization decreases as the temperature increases. The value of the critical field Ecr = 0.40*10^6 V/cm we calculated appeared close to the value Ecr = 0.5*10^6 V/cm obtained recently by Ryan et al. with the help of density functional theory for EuTiO3 film under a compressive strain produced by substrate. At the fields E >0.83*10^6 V/cm, AFM disappears for all considered temperatures and so FM becomes the only stable magnetic phase. We find that ferromagnetic phase can be induced by an E-field in other paraelectric antiferromagnet oxides with a positive AFM-type magnetoelectric (ME) coupling coefficient and negative FM-type ME coupling coefficient. In particular, the critical E-field was estimated for another paraelectric antiferromagnet Sr0.7Ba0.3MnO3 as 0.2x10^5V/cm at 0 K. Analysis of the dependence of magnetization and antimagnetization on the external electric field and the polarization induced by the field, which yields the magnetoelectric coupling, is reported. The results show the possibility to control multiferroicity, including the FM and AFM phases, with help of an electric field application.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.7402

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