Thursday, July 25, 2013

1307.6297 (S. B. Rochal et al.)

Two-dimensional elasticity determines the low-frequency dynamics of
single- and double-walled carbon nanotubes

S. B. Rochal, V. L. Lorman, Yu. I. Yuzyuk
We develop a continuous theory of low-frequency dynamics for nanotubes with truly two-dimensional (2D) walls constituted by single-atom monolayer. In this frame topological bending elasticity of the monolayer is not related to its vanishing macroscopic thickness. The proposed approach predicts completely new sound dispersions and radius dependences of non-resonant Raman-active modes frequencies in single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT). Resulting relations are suitable for nanotubes identification and more complete or alternative characterization. The theory is also applied to describe the low-frequency dynamics of double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNT). It establishes a clear-cut relation between the radial breathing mode in SWCNT and breathing-like modes in DWCNT and fits the existing Raman data better than previously developed 3D continuous or discrete models. The results obtained constitute the basis for new quantitative studies of the low-frequency vibrational spectrum, heat capacity and heat transfer properties of carbon nanotubes.
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