Tuesday, June 25, 2013

1306.5282 (Majid Ahmadi et al.)

Large-Scale and Cost-Effective Synthesis of Tungstite (WO3.H2O)
Nanoleaves and Nanoribbons

Majid Ahmadi, Maxime J-F Guinel
An easy and environmentally friendly method capable of producing large quantities of materials was used to synthesize tungstite (WO3.H2O) leaf-shaped nanoplatelets (LNPs) and nanoribbons (NRs). These materials were obtained by aging of colloidal solutions prepared by adding hydrochloric acid (HCl) to dilute sodium tungstate solutions (Na2WO4.2H2O) at a temperature of 5-10oC. The effects of the choice of the aging medium and the pH of the precursor solutions were investigated. Crystallization and growth occurred by Ostwald ripening during the aging of the colloidal solutions at ambient temperature for 24 to 48hrs. When dispersed in water, the LNPs and NRs take several days to settle, which is a clear advantage for some applications (e.g., photocatalysis). The materials were characterized using scanning and transmission electron microscopy, Raman and UV/Vis spectroscopies. The current vs. voltage characteristics of the tungstite NRs showed that the material behaved as a Schottky diode with a breakdown electric field of 3x105V.m-1.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.5282

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