Wednesday, June 19, 2013

1306.4187 (Maria Stamenova et al.)

Dynamical Exchange Interaction From Time-Dependent Spin Density
Functional Theory

Maria Stamenova, Stefano Sanvito
We report on {\it ab initio} time-dependent spin dynamics simulations for a two-center magnetic molecular complex based on time-dependent non-collinear spin density functional theory. In particular, we discuss how the dynamical behavior of the {\it ab initio} spin-density in the time-domain can be mapped onto a model Hamiltonian based on the classical Heisenberg spin-spin interaction $J\vcr{S}_1\cdot \vcr{S}_2$. By analyzing individual localized-spin trajectories, extracted from the spin-density evolution, we demonstrate a novel method for evaluating the effective Heisenberg exchange coupling constant, $J$, from first principles simulations. We find that $J$, extracted in such a new dynamical way, agrees quantitatively to that calculated by the standard density functional theory broken-symmetry scheme.
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