Sunday, May 19, 2013

1305.2871 (Yungui Ma et al.)

A transient thermal cloak made of engineered thermal materials    [PDF]

Yungui Ma, Lu Lan, Wei Jiang, Fei Sun, Sailing He
Transformation optics originating from the invariance of Maxwell's equations under the coordinate mapping has enabled the design and demonstration of many fascinating electromagnetic devices that were unconceivable or deemed impossible before [1-11], and has greatly contributed to the advancement of modern electromagnetism and related researches assisted with the development of metamaterials [12-15]. This technique has been extended to apply to other partial differential equations governing different waves [16-23] or flux [24-28], and has produced various novel functional devices such as acoustic cloaks [20-23] and Schrodinger's 'hat' [19]. In the present work we applied the coordinate transformation to the time-dependent heat diffusion equation [24-28] and achieved the manipulation of the heat flux by predefined diffusion paths. In the experiment we demonstrated a transient thermal cloaking device engineered with thermal metamaterials and successfully hid a centimeter sized strong 'scatter' (thermal disturber), i.e., a vacuum cavity. To facilitate reliable fabrication we adopted the rescaled thermal diffusion equation for various ingredient materials with nearly constant product of the density and heat capacity, and took the anisotropic thermal diffusivities as the key parameters for the design. Our results unambiguously show the practical possibility to implement the complex transformed thermal media with high accuracy and acquire some unprecedented thermodynamic functions, which we believe will help to broaden the current research and pave a new way to manipulate heat for novel device applications.
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